What is Photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis is one of the most important biochemical processes for all life on earth. With the help of solar energy and water, carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air is incorporated into organic compounds, releasing oxygen (O2).

The absorbed solar energy is transformed into energy by chemical bonds of organic compounds.

The photosynthetic process takes place in chloroplasts, which contain a photosynthetic pigment and chlorophyll. The process includes:

  • a primary or photoreaction that occurs in thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts where light energy is converted to chemical energy.
  • a secondary reaction (Calvin’s cycle), which takes place in the dark, in the stroma of the chloroplasts. There, CO2 is reduced and carbohydrates are synthesized (secondary metabolism).

Photosynthesis can only be carried out by the green parts of the plant. The most active photosynthetic tissue is the leaf mesophyll, where most of the chlorophyll involved in photosynthesis (pigments) is found.

The efficiency of photosynthesis depends on

  • supply of water and minerals,
  • pore permeability,
  • intensity of sunlight,
  • concentration of CO2 and O2,
  • stage of development of the plant,
  • air flow.

It should be emphasized that intensification and increase in photosynthesis can only be achieved by increasing the intensity and concentration of CO2.

the formula of photosynthesis is:

xCO2 + yH2O —> xO2 + Cx (H2O)y


light + CO2 + H2O —> (CH2O)n + O2

Supplying the plant with carbon dioxide is always a problem, as there is CO2 in the air around the plant while photosynthesis is taking place in the cellular structure of the leaf. In order for the process of photosynthesis to take place, CO2 must enter the leaf. Entry of CO2 occurs through pores (openings) located on the leaf surface (called a stoma). By opening and closing the stomata, the plant regulates the flow of CO2 and water (transpiration).

Since Foliomax® introduces CO2 directly into the plant leaf, the plant has optimal amounts of carbon dioxide in the simplest possible way. This intensifies and optimizes photosynthetic processes. This is the most fundamental explanation of the positive effect of Foliomax® on the most important life process in the plant.

In the (with Foliomax®) treated leaf, the chloroplasts are larger, more numerous and more regularly shaped, which is the result of a more intensive photosynthetic process. More proteins are found in their structure, which indicates increased metabolic activity.